Le futur antérieur - Exercises

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Exercise

Do we need to use avoir or être? Choose the correct form.

  1. Il certainement perdu ses clefs.[He’ll surely have lost his keys.]|Perdre is conjugated with avoir.
  2. Tu te peut-être trompé dans ton calcul.[You’ll likely have miscalculated.]|Reflexive verbs are conjugated with être.
  3. Est-que vous déjà partis avant notre retour?[Will you already have left before we return?]|Partir is conjugated with être.
  4. D’ici là nous revenus en France.By then we’ll have returned to France.]|Revenir is conjugated with être.
  5. J’ préparé mes bagages avant le départ.[I’ll have prepared my luggage before the departure.]|Préparer is conjugated with avoir.

Type in the verbs in the futur antérieur.

  1. D’ici le mois de juin vous (déménager)  à Toulouse.[By June you’ll have moved to Toulouse.]|2nd person plural: future form of avoir + past participle of déménager.|Er-verbs construct the past participle with é.
  2. Elles ne lui (poser)  pas la question.[They won’t have asked him.]|3rd person plural: future form of avoir + past participle of poser.|Er-verbs construct the past participle with é.
  3. Tu (passer)  beaucoup de temps à la plage.[You’ll have spent a lot of time at the beach.]|2nd person singular: future form of avoir + past participle of passer.|Er-verbs construct the past participle with é.
  4. Jusqu’à la fin de la semaine j’(apprendre)  la chanson.[By the end of the week I’ll have learned the song.]|1st person singular: future form of avoir + past participle of apprendre.|Prendre and its derivatives are irregular verbs. See the List of Irregular Verbs.
  5. D’ici à demain nous (finir)  nos exercices.By tomorrow we’ll have finished our exercises.]|1st person plural: future form of avoir + past participle of finir.|Ir-verbs construct the past participle with i.

Type in the verbs in the futur antérieur.

  1. Jean (prendre)  certainement un autre bus.[Jean will surely have taken a different bus.]|3rd person singular: future form of avoir + past participle of prendre.|Prendre is an irregular verb.|See the List of Irregular Verbs.
  2. D’ici à demain tu (écrire)  la lettre.[By tomorrow you’ll have written the letter.]|2nd person singular: future form of avoir + past participle of écrire. Écrire is an irregular verb. See the List of Irregular Verbs.
  3. D’ici à ce soir nous (courir)  15 km.[By this evening we’ll have run 15 km.]|1st person plural: future form of avoir + past participle of courir.|Courir is an irregular verb. See the List of Irregular Verbs.
  4. Ils (rentrer)  peut-être déjà à la maison.[Perhaps they’ll have already gone home.]|3rd person plural: future form of être + past participle of rentrer.|Er-verbs construct the past participle with é.|For constructions using être, the participle agrees in gender and number with the subject (ils → masculine plural)
  5. D’ici là elle (se réveiller)  de nouveau .[By then she’ll have woken up again.]|3rd person singular: future form of être + past participle of se réveiller.|For constructions using être, the participle agrees in gender and number with the subject (elle → feminine singular)