In this chapter, we will explain how to conjugate verbs in the various tenses.
The overview of all the tenses includes an example of each verb group (er/ir/re-verbs) as well as tips on the correct usage of the tenses.
- tu aimes
- tu as/avais aimé
- tu aimais
- tu aimas
- tu aimeras
The présent corresponds to the present tense in English. We mostly use this tense to speak about events taking place in the present and/or the future.
- je finis
- je vends
The passé composé corresponds to the present perfect in English. We use it to talk about completed actions in the past, while emphasising the results or outcome of the action.
- j’ai aimé/fini/vendu
- je suis parti
The imparfait (continuous past) emphasises the progression or regular repetition of an action in the past.
- je finissais
- je vendais
We use the passé récent to speak about an action that has been completed, shortly before the moment of speaking.
- Je viens de terminer un livre génial.I have just finished an amazing book.
Je venais de sortir quand il s’est mis à pleuvoir.I had just gone out when it started to rain.
The passé simple expresses completed actions in the past that take place only once and/or interrupt an already-occurring action.
- je finis
- je vendis
The plus-que-parfait corresponds to the past perfect in English. We use it to express actions that took place before a certain point in the past.
- j’avais aimé/fini/vendu
- j’étais parti
The futur composé is used for actions in the near future. The emphasis is on the fact that there is already an intention to carry out the action and that it will shortly take place.
- je vais aimer/finir/vendre
The futur simple corresponds to the future tense in English. We mainly use this tense to express an intention for the future or a supposition about the present or future.
- je finirai
- je vendrai
The futur antérieur corresponds to the future perfect in English. It indicates the supposition or assumption that an action will have been completed by the time of speaking or by a specified point in the future.
- j’aurai aimé/fini/vendu
- je serai parti
Here, we’ve collected the irregular French verbs in one big list.