GrammarLe verbe (French verbs) Le verbe (French verbs) Avoir/Être The verbs avoir and être are very important verbs in the French language: we use them to construct the compound tenses. We also use avoir and être as main verbs in certain situations. Example:Nous avons visité le musée.We visited the museum.Je suis parti.He left.Elle a 35 ans.She’s 35.Il est français.He’s french. Infinitif After certain verbs, adjectives, and other phrases, we use the infinitive. The infinitive construction is often introduced by de, à or pour. Example:Je suis content d’entendre cela.I’m happy to hear it.Il a fait cela pour nous aider.He did it to help us. Participe/Gérondif We often use relative clauses in English, but in French it’s more common to use the participe présent and the gérondif instead. The participe passé is mainly seen in compound tenses. Example:Le temps n’étant pas trop mauvais, Max a pu jouer au foot samedi dernier.The weather not being too bad, Max was able to play football.En jouant, Max a marqué un but.While playing, Max scored a goal.Son équipe a gagné.His team won. Verbes pronominaux Reflexive verbs are known as les verbes pronominaux in French. They are verbs that are used with a reflexive pronoun (me, te, se, nous, vous). Example:Je me promène.I’m walking. Passif The passive is known as the passif or voix passive in French. We use the passive when we want to emphasise an action or a condition. Example:L’homme est conduit à l’hôpital.The man is brought to the hospital. Impératif The imperative is called the impératif in French. We use this form for demands and orders addressed to one or more people directly. Example:Arrêtez !Stop!Allons à la gare !Let’s go to the station!Attends-moi !Wait for me! Conditionnel We use the conditionnel in French to talk about the future from a past point of view, or to indicate that we are not sure whether a future event will take place. Example:L’année dernière je pensais que je partirais en vacances.Last year, I thought I would go on holiday.Si j’étais en vacances, je pourrais aller à la plage tous les jours.If I was on holiday, I could go to the beach every day. Subjonctif The subjonctif is mostly used in dependent clauses with que, to express possibilities, hypotheses, feelings, thoughts, wishes, doubts, uncertainty, or advice. Example:Il est important que je parte en vacances.It’s important that I go on holiday.