Adverbs are invariable words that give information about place, time, reason, or manner.
Here we’ll explain the differences between the various types of adverbs: local, temporal, causal, modal, relative, and conjunctional. We will also provide examples of each type of adverb.
- Il y a eu ici un accident récemment. Ainsi je fais vraiment attention car je ne veux pas avoir d’accident. Je roule donc prudemment.There was an accident here recently. So I’m being particularly careful, because I don’t want to have an accident. That’s why I’m driving carefully.
Some adverbs can be made from adjectives. We can normally do this by adding the ending ment to the feminine form of the adjective. Some adverbs are also formed irregularly.
- lent → lentementslow - slowly
- heureux → heureusementhappy - happily
- vrai → vraimenttrue - truly
The choice of either an adjective or an adverb in French depends on whether we are describing a noun or a verb/adjective/adverb.
- Elles rangent rapidement.They quickly clean up.
- Elles sont rapides.They are fast.
We use comparative forms when we are comparing things to each other. There are two levels of comparative form: comparative and superlative.
- Stéphanie vient plus souvent que Marie. (comparative)Stéphanie comes by more often than Marie.
- Delphine vient le plus souvent. (superlative)Delphine comes by most often.
Where is the adverb located in the sentence? We’ll explain where to put them and what exceptions you need to pay attention to.
- Dans une phrase, on ne peut pas mettre les adverbes n’importe où. Il faut toujours en français respecter certaines règles. Le mieux est de faire beaucoup d’exercices. Quand j’étais petit, j’ai aussi fait des exercices à l’école.In a sentence, you can’t put the adverbs just anywhere. You always have to follow certain rules in French. It’s best if you practice a lot. When I was small, I did a lot of exercises at school too.