Le passé composé - Exercises

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Exercise

Do we need to use avoir or être? Choose the correct form.

  1. Elle mangé un gâteau.[She ate a biscuit.]|Manger is conjugated with avoir.
  2. Nous partis en vacances.[We went on holiday.]|Partir is conjugated with être.
  3. Est-ce que vous allés au restaurant?[Did you go to the restaurant?]|Aller is conjugated with être.
  4. Michel fini son dessert.[Michel finished his dessert.]|Finir is conjugated with avoir.
  5. Est-ce que tu t’ douché?[Have you showered?]|Reflexive verbs are conjugated with être.

Complete the sentences with the correct form of the passé composé.

  1. Ils (écrire)  un livre.[They wrote a book.]|Present of avoir + past participle of écrire.|Écrire is an irregular verb. See the list of irregular Verbs.
  2. Juliette (regarder)  un film.[Juliette watched a film.]|Present of avoir + past participle of regarder.|Er-verbs form the past participle with é.
  3. Est-ce que Pierre (finir)  à 16 heures?[Did Pierre finish at 4 p.m.?]|Present of avoir + past participle of finir.|Ir-verbs form the past participle with i.
  4. J’(fermer)  la fenêtre.[I closed the window.]|Present of avoir + past participle of fermer.|Er-verbs form the past participle with é.
  5. François (se lever)  à 8 heures.[François got up at 8 o’clock.]|Present of être + past participle of se lever.|Reflexive verbs form the passé composé with être.|Er-verbs construct the past participle with é.

Complete the sentences with the correct form of the passé composé. Don’t forget about exceptions such as irregular verbs and participle agreements.

  1. Est-ce que tu (lire)  ce livre?[Have you read this book?]|Present of avoir + past participle of lire.|Lire is an irregular verb.|See the list of irregular verbs.
  2. Est-ce que vous (recevoir)  un paquet?[Have you received a parcel?]|Present of avoir + past participle of recevoir.|Recevoir is an irregular verb.|See the list of irregular verbs.
  3. Ils (se perdre)  dans la forêt.[They got lost in the forest.]|Present of être + past participle of se perdre.|All reflexive verbs are conjugated with être.|With être, the participle agrees in gender and number with the subject (ils = masculine plural)
  4. Est-ce qu'elle (prendre)  le téléphone?[Did she answer the phone?]|Present of avoir + past participle of prendre.|Prendre is an irregular verb.|See the list of irregular verbs.
  5. Léa et Sarah (partir)  hier.[Léa and Sarah left yesterday.]|Present of être + past participle of partir.|With être, the participle agrees in gender and number with the subject (Léa + Sarah = feminine plural)