Participe/Gérondif – Free Exercise

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Exercise

Complete the table with the present participle and the gerund of the verbs.

Infinitive Present Participle Gerund
perdre
marcher
lire
écrire
réfléchir

Complete the sentences with the present participle of the verbs in brackets.

  1. C’est une chambre (donner)  sur la rue.[It’s a room facing the street.]|nous donnons → donnant
  2. J’ai lu un livre (passionner) .[I read an exciting book.]|nous nous passionnons → passionnant
  3. Ne (voir)  pas le panneau, elle se gare au mauvais endroit.[Not seeing the sign, she parked in the wrong place.]|nous voyons → voyant
  4. Nous cherchons une personne (parler)  anglais.[We’re looking for an English-speaking person.]|nous parlons → parlant
  5. C'est une coïncidence (troubler) .[It’s a worrying coincidence.]|nous nous troublons → troublant|Here the present participle is used as an adjective, so must agree in gender and number with the noun (une coïncidence)|feminine singular = add -e

Choose between the present participle, the past participle or the perfect participle to complete the sentences.

  1. Martin est (tomber)  dans la piscine.[Martin fell in the pool.]|Sentence in the passé composé → past participle
  2. Ce film (effrayer)  m’a fait crier.[This scary film made me scream.]|Adjectif verbal describing the noun ce film → present participle
  3. Jeanne (oublier)  les clefs de l’appartement, nous dormîmes dans la voiture.[Since Jeanne had left the keys in the apartment, we slept in the car.]|Expressing one past action that happened prior to another (first Jeanne forgot the keys, then they slept in the car) → perfect participle
  4. (partir)  tôt, ils furent seuls sur la route.[Since they had left early, they were all alone on the road.]|Expressing one past action that happened prior to another (first they left early, then they were on the road): perfect participle|We can also omit the auxiliary être and just use the past participle here → partis
  5. Ton seau est (trouer)  ![Your bucket has a hole!]|Adjective form of the verb trouer → past participle