Participe composé – Free Exercise

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Exercises

Write the perfect participle form of the verbs.

  1. attendre → present participle of avoir: ayant|past participle of -re verb: add -u to the stem
  2. finir → present participle of avoir: ayant|past participle of -ir verb: add -i to the stem
  3. monter → monter is an être verb|present participle of être: étant|past participle of -er verb: add to the stem
  4. mettre → present participle of avoir: ayant|irregular past participle: mettre → mis
  5. se laver → se laver is reflexive so takes être as its auxiliary|present participle of être: étant|past participle of -er verb: add to the stem

Complete the sentences with the perfect participle form of the verbs in brackets.

  1. Jeanne (oublier)  les clefs de l’appartement, nous dormîmes à l’hôtel.[Since Jeanne had left the keys in the apartment, we had to sleep in a hotel.]|present participle of avoir: ayant|past participle of -er verb: add to the stem
  2. La voiture (tomber)  en panne, mes parents durent appeler le service de dépannage.[Because the car had broken down, my parents had to call the breakdown service.]|tomber is an être verb|present participle of être: étant|past participle of -er verb: add to the stem|The past participle of être verbs agrees in gender and number with the subject (la voiture)|feminine singular: tombée
  3. Carine (obtenir)  le baccalauréat, elle put aller s’inscrire à l’université.[Once Carine had passed her A levels, she was able to enrol in university.]|present participle of avoir: ayant|past participle of -ir verb: add -u to the stem
  4. Ses parents (partir)  faire les courses, il resta seul à la maison.[Because his parents had gone shopping, he stayed at home alone.]|partir is an être verb|present participle of être: étant|past participle participle of -ir verb: add -i to the stem|The past participle of être verbs agrees in gender and number with the subject (ses parents), masculine plural: partis

Participle agreement: choose the correct options to complete the sentences.

  1. Mes sœurs étant tôt ce matin, j’ai pu faire la grasse matinée.[Because my sisters had left early this morning, I could sleep in.]|The past participle of être verbs agrees in gender and number with the subject (mes sœurs)|feminine plural: parties
  2. Étant faire les courses hier, Martin n’a pas besoin d’acheter du pain aujourd’hui.[Having done his shopping yesterday, Martin doesn’t need to buy any bread today.]|The past participle of être verbs agrees in gender and number with the subject (Martin)|masculine singular: the past participle stays the same
  3. Ayant plusieurs bougies, nous avons eu moins peur du noir causé par la coupure de courant.[Having lit lots of candles, we were less afraid of the dark caused by the power cut.]|The past participle does not change when conjugated with of avoir
  4. Justine, étant au sommet de la montagne, s’accorda une pause bien méritée.[Justine, having reached the top of the mountain, took a well-earned rest.]|The past participle of être verbs agrees in gender and number with the subject (Justine)|feminine singular: parvenue
  5. Les enfants étant de l’école plus tôt, ils ont maintenant plus de temps pour jouer.[Because the kids came home early from school, they have more time to play.]|The past participle of être verbs agrees in gender and number with the subject (les enfants)|masculine plural: rentrés