Participe composé – Free Exercise

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Exercises

Write the perfect participle form of the verbs.

  1. attendre →  present participle of avoir: ayant|past participle of -re verb: add -u to the stem
  2. finir →  present participle of avoir: ayant|past participle of -ir verb: add -i to the stem
  3. monter →  monter is an être verb|present participle of être: étant|past participle of -er verb: add to the stem
  4. mettre →  present participle of avoir: ayant|irregular past participle: mettre → mis
  5. se laver →  se laver is reflexive so takes être as its auxiliary|present participle of être: étant|past participle of -er verb: add to the stem

Complete the sentences with the perfect participle form of the verbs in brackets.

  1. Jeanne (oublier)   les clefs de l’appartement, nous dormîmes à l’hôtel.present participle of avoir: ayant|past participle of -er verb: add to the stemSince Jeanne had left the keys in the apartment, we had to sleep in a hotel.
  2. La voiture (tomber)   en panne, mes parents durent appeler le service de dépannage.tomber is an être verb|present participle of être: étant|past participle of -er verb: add to the stem|The past participle of être verbs agrees in gender and number with the subject (la voiture)|feminine singular: tombéeBecause the car had broken down, my parents had to call the breakdown service.
  3. Carine (obtenir)   le baccalauréat, elle put aller s’inscrire à l’université.present participle of avoir: ayant|past participle of -ir verb: add -u to the stemOnce Carine had passed her A levels, she was able to enrol in university.
  4. Ses parents (partir)   faire les courses, il resta seul à la maison.partir is an être verb|present participle of être: étant|past participle participle of -ir verb: add -i to the stem|The past participle of être verbs agrees in gender and number with the subject (ses parents), masculine plural: partisBecause his parents had gone shopping, he stayed at home alone.

Participle agreement: choose the correct options to complete the sentences.

  1. Mes sœurs étant tôt ce matin, j’ai pu faire la grasse matinée.The past participle of être verbs agrees in gender and number with the subject (mes sœurs)|feminine plural: partiesBecause my sisters had left early this morning, I could sleep in.
  2. Étant faire les courses hier, Martin n’a pas besoin d’acheter du pain aujourd’hui.The past participle of être verbs agrees in gender and number with the subject (Martin)|masculine singular: the past participle stays the sameHaving done his shopping yesterday, Martin doesn’t need to buy any bread today.
  3. Ayant plusieurs bougies, nous avons eu moins peur du noir causé par la coupure de courant.The past participle does not change when conjugated with of avoirHaving lit lots of candles, we were less afraid of the dark caused by the power cut.
  4. Justine, étant au sommet de la montagne, s’accorda une pause bien méritée.The past participle of être verbs agrees in gender and number with the subject (Justine)|feminine singular: parvenueJustine, having reached the top of the mountain, took a well-earned rest.
  5. Les enfants étant de l’école plus tôt, ils ont maintenant plus de temps pour jouer.The past participle of être verbs agrees in gender and number with the subject (les enfants)|masculine plural: rentrésBecause the kids came home early from school, they have more time to play.