Possessive Pronouns

Introduction

Possessive pronouns indicate possession/belonging. They agree with the noun they are modifying.

Je m’appelle Julie et je cherche mon chapeau. Mon papa dit qu’il y en a un dans le placard, mais ce n’est pas le mien, c’est le sien. Ma maman aussi a un chapeau. Regarde! Le chien porte le sien.

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Dependent Possessive Pronouns

Dependent possessive pronouns (called l’adjectif possessif in French) always come before a noun (they are “dependent” on the noun). Dependent possessive pronouns agree in number and gender with the “possession”, the noun they are modifying. The plural form is the same for both masculine and feminine.

Example:
Je cherche mon chapeau.I’m looking for my hat.
Elle cherche son chapeau.She’s looking for her hat.
personmasculinefeminineplural
1st person singular mon ma mes
2nd person singular ton ta tes
3rd person singular son sa ses
1st person plural notre notre nos
2nd person plural votre votre vos
3rd person plural leur leur leurs

To Note

Before a vowel or a silent h, the pronouns ma, ta, and sa become mon, ton, and son.

Example:
Je cherche ma amie.
Je cherche mon amie.I’m looking for my friend.

Independent Possessive Pronouns

Possessive pronouns (called le pronom possessif in French) stand alone, without an accompanying noun. Usually, the noun has already been mentioned in the previous sentence and is now replaced with the possessive pronoun, which agrees in number and gender with the noun.

Example:
Ce n’est pas mon chapeau, c’est le sien.It’s not my hat, it’s his.
Je ne trouve pas ma jupe. Est-ce que tu peux me prêter la tienne?I can’t find my skirt. Can you lend me yours?
personsingularplural
masculinefemininemasculinefeminine
1st person singular le mien la mienne les miens les miennes
2nd person singular le tien la tienne les tiens les tiennes
3rd person singular le sien la sienne les siens les siennes
1st person plural le nôtre la nôtre les nôtres les nôtres
2nd person plural le vôtre la vôtre les vôtres les vôtres
3rd person plural le leur la leur les leurs les leurs